Guatemala is the Country of Eternal Spring. Come and discover where it is and the best places to visit!
Official Name: Republic of Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City
Language: The official language is Spanish (60%) Other 23 Mayan languages (Amerindian languages 40%): Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca.
Currency: Quetzal (£1 = Q12) US dollar, others allowed
Schedule: GMT-6:00 (6 hrs. behind England)
Extension: 108,889 kilometres (84% size of England)
Country code: +502
Indigenous Name: Quauhtemallan, "place where trees abound".
Boundaries: To the North and West with Mexico
To the South-East El Salvador and Honduras
To the South with the Pacific Ocean
To the North-East with Belize and Caribbean Sea
Surface: The 82 % of the territory is made of slopes and uplands. It has more than 35 volcanoes. 13 of such volcanoes compile with the necessary conditions. Two mountain ranges cross the country.
Population: 14,655,189 (July 2005 est.)
Political division: 22 departments.
National Holiday: September 15th, Independence from Spain in 1821.
Internet domain: .gt
International dialing: 00+country code+ area code+ phone number.
Other emergency numbers:
Background The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 100,000 people dead and had created some 1 million refugees.
Climate tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands
Constitution 31 May 1985, effective 14 January 1986
suspended 25 May 1993 by former President SERRANO; reinstated 5 June 1993 following ouster of president; amended November 1993